This is the Scientific Surgery Archive, which contains all randomized clinical trials in surgery that have been identified by searching the top 50 English language medical journal issues since January 1998. Compiled by Jonothan J. Earnshaw, former Editor-in-Chief, BJS
Effect of a deep learning-based system on the miss rate of gastric neoplasms during upper gastrointestinal endoscopy: a single-centre, tandem, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Gastro Hepatol 2021; 6: 700-708.
Published: 9th December 2021
Authors: Wu L, Shang R, Sharma P, Zhou W, Liu J, Yao L et al.
Some 907 patients had two endoscopies on the same day, one with standard white light illumination, and a second using an artificial intelligence programme (AI) designed to detect abnormal mucosal lesions. The gastric neoplasm miss rate was 6.1 per cent with AI assistance versus 27.3 per cent with standard endoscopy, P=0.015.Pubmed Link
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Short-term outcomes of robotic gastrectomy vs laparoscopic gastrectomy for patients with gastric cancer. A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Surg 2021; 156: 954-963.
Authors: Ojima T, Nakamura M, Hayata K, Kitadani J, Katsuda M, Takeuchi A et al.
Assessment of robotic versus laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer. A randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 2021; 273: 858-867.
Authors: Lu J, Zheng C-H, Xu B-B, Xie J-W, Wang J-B, Lin J-X et al.
Effect of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy vs open distal gastrectomy on long-term survival among patients with stage I gastric cancer. The KLASS-01 Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Oncol 2019; 5: 506-513.
Authors: Kim H-H, Han S-U, Kim M-C, Kim W, Le H-J, Ryu SW et al.
Pouch versus no pouch following total gastrectomy: meta-analysis of randomized and non-randomized studies. Ann Surg 2019; 269: 1041-1053.
Authors: Syn N, Wee I, Shabbir A, Kim G, So JB-Y
Effect of laparoscopic vs open distal gastrectomy on 3-year disease-free survival in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer. The CLASS-01 randomized clinical trial. JAMA 2019; 321: 1983-1992.
Authors: Yu J, Huang C, Sun Y, Su X, Cao H, Hu J et al.
Comparison of 3D laparoscopic gastrectomy with a 2D procedure for gastric cancer: a phase 3 randomized controlled trial. Surgery 2018; 163: 300-304.
Authors: Zheng C-H, Lu J, Zheng H-L, Li P, Xie J-W, Wang J-B et al.
Laparoscopy-assisted versus open D2 distal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer: results from a randomized phase II multicenter clinical trial (COACT 1001). Ann Surg 2018; 267: 638-645.
Authors: Park YK, Yoon HM, Kim Y-W, Park JY, Ryu KW, Lee Y-J et al.
Roux-en-Y or Billroth II reconstruction after radical distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 2018; 267: 236-242.
Authors: So JB-Y, Rao J, Wong AS-Y, Chan Y-H, Pang NQ, Tay AYL et al.
Effect of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose on hemoglobin response among patients with acute isovolemic anemia following gastrectomy. The FAIRY Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA. 2017; 317: 2097-2104.
Authors: Kim Y-W, Bae J-M, Park Y-K, Yang H-K, Yu W, Yook JH et al.
Randomized controlled trial to evaluate splenectomy in total gastrectomy for proximal gastric carcinoma. Ann Surg 2017; 265: 277-283.
Authors: Sano T, Sasako M, Mizusawa J, Yamamoto S, Katai H, Yoshikawa T et al.
A randomized phase II study of the clinical effects of ultrasonically activated coagulating shears (Harmonic scalpel) in open gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Surg Today 2016; 46: 561–568.
Authors: Kawabata R, Takiguchi S, Kimura Y, Imamura H, Fujita J, Tamura S et al.
Morbidity and mortality of laparoscopic versus open D2 distal gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer: a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 2016; 34: 1350-1357.
Authors: Hu Y, Huang C, Sun Y, Su X, Cao H, Hu J et al.