The international surgical journal with global reach

This is the Scientific Surgery Archive, which contains all randomized clinical trials in surgery that have been identified by searching the top 50 English language medical journal issues since January 1998. Compiled by Jonothan J. Earnshaw, former Editor-in-Chief, BJS

Minimally invasive versus open distal pancreatectomy (LEOPARD). A multicenter patient-blinded randomized controlled trial. Ann Surg 2019; 269: 2-9.

Published: 22nd March 2019

Authors: de Rooij T, van Hilst J, van Santvoort H, Boerma D, van den Boezem P, Daams F et al.


In this study, the conversion rate to open surgery was eight per cent. Minimally invasive surgery speeded up functional recovery (4 versus 6 days, P<0.001) and improved quality of life from days 3-30, but other clinical outcomes, including costs, were similar.

Pubmed Link